Co2 Tank Frequently asked Questions

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CO2 Tank Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the main concerns when dealing with CO2?

A: CO2 can be dangerous! Please use caution and always follow these steps:

  • Always connect CO2 gas cylinder to reducing valve or regulator. Failure to do so could result in an explosion with possible death or injury when the cylinder valve is opened.
  • Never connect gas cylinder directly to keg.
  • Always secure gas cylinder in 'upright" position.
  • Always keep gas cylinder away from heat.
  • Never drop or throw CO2 gas cylinder.
  • Always ventilate after CO2 leakage.
  • Always check the D.O.T. (Department of Transport) test date located on the neck of the cylinder before installation. If over five (5) years, do not use, return the gas cylinder to gas supplier.
  • Never connect a product container unless there are two (2) safety mechanisms in the pressure system.
    1. One at or on the CO2 regulator (the regulator supplied should be inclusive of such a safety mechanism).
    2. One at or on the product container coupler or in the pressure gas line (the keg coupler should be inclusive of such a safety mechanism).
  • If it becomes difficult to breathe and your head starts to ache, abnormal concentrations of carbon dioxide may be present in the area. Close the main valve on the CO2 cylinder and leave the room immediately.
  • Gas cylinders should be stored in the coolest part of the establishment, preferably at 70 degrees, and securely fastened in the upright position before the primary regulator is attached to the cylinder.

Q: What are the main components of a regulator and what do they do?

A: The main components of a regulator are:

  1. Low pressure gauge (reads the amount of internal keg pressure)
  2. High pressure gauge (indicates existing pressure in the CO2 cylinder)
  3. Pressure adjustment (before tapping the keg, screw clockwise until low pressure gauge indicates the desired pressure)
  4. CO2 inlet nipple
  5. CO2 inlet nut
  6. Pressure relief valve
  7. Optional shut-off valve
  8. Outlet fittings

Q: At what pressure should I run my CO2 regulator?

A: For the standard 5 ft. run found in kegerators and most kegerator conversions, 8-10 PSI is recommended. Longer draws in commercial establishments and jockey boxes require higher pressure depending on the distance the beer needs to travel. Once set, you should monitor the regulator to ensure the pressure remains constant at the desired level.

Q: How do I set my CO2 regulator?

  1. Securely attach the regulator to the gas cylinder.
  2. Close the regulator's shut-off valve "C".
  3. Completely open the gas cylinder valve "A".
  4. Slowly turn the regulator adjustment "B" until the low pressure gauge "D" displays the desired pressure. Turn clockwise to increase the pressure, and counter-clockwise to decrease the pressure.
  5. Briefly pull the ring on the keg coupler's pressure relief valve "F" to allow the pressure already in the keg to vent
  6. Open the regulator shut-off valve "C" to allow gas to flow to the keg coupler.
  7. As the keg pressurizes, the needle on the low pressure gauge "D" will drop temporarily until the pressure has equalized, and then will return to the point you previously set it at.
  8. Briefly pull the ring on the keg coupler's pressure relief valve "F" again to allow gas to flow through the regulator to obtain a more accurate reading on the low pressure gauge "D".
  9. Re-check low pressure gauge "D" and use regulator adjustment "B" to readjust if necessary until the desired pressure is displayed.

If you will be dispensing multiple kegs that use the same CO2 pressure, you can split the gas flow to each keg using a two product regulator or an air line distributor. However, if you will be dispensing multiple kegs with different pressure requirements, secondary gas regulators will be needed to adjust the pressure for each keg.

Q: What size CO2 tank should I buy?

A: It takes approximately 1/2 lb. of CO2 to dispense a 1/4 barrel of beer. Depending on what size keg you will be dispensing and what size CO2 tank you purchase, you can expect to dispense the following number of kegs:

Keg2.5 lb. Tank5 lb. Tank10 lb. Tank15 lb. Tank20 lb. Tank
3 Gallon12 to 15 Kegs25 to 31 Kegs51 to 63 Kegs77 to 95 Kegs103 to 127 Kegs
5 Gallon7 to 11 Kegs15 to 22 Kegs31 to 44 Kegs46 to 66 Kegs62 to 87 Kegs
7.75 Gallon5 to 7 Kegs10 to 14 Kegs20 to 28 Kegs30 to 42 Kegs40 to 56 Kegs
13.2 Gallon2 to 5 Kegs5 to 8 Kegs11 to 17 Kegs17 to 25 Kegs23 to 32 Kegs
15.5 Gallon2 to 4 Kegs5 to 7 Kegs10 to 14 Kegs15 to 21 Kegs20 to 28 Kegs

Q: How do I replace an empty CO2 cylinder?

  1. Close valve by turning "A" clockwise
  2. Unscrew adjustment screw "B" (counter-clockwise) as far as it will go.
  3. Remove regulator from empty cylinder at "E".
  4. Remove dust cap from new cylinder at "E". Open and close valve "A" quickly to blow dust from the outlet.
  5. With cylinder valve "A" in closed position, reattach regulator to cylinder at "E". Be sure to include the CO2 washer.
  6. Open valve "A" all the way (this is important because the cylinder valve seals in two places).
  7. Readjust regulator pressure "B" and open optional valve "C".