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How Long Does A Keg Stay Fresh?

December 18, 2020
howlongdoesakeglast

We all want to get the most of our keg, enjoying every drop of beer from our kegerator but you may be wondering how long is this keg going to last. This can be very complicated because it varies depending on the style of beer, your dispense system, and the temperature that you store your keg at.


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Oxidation and Taste

Depending on who you ask, the answer typically ranges from 20-120 days. This depends on your definition of freshness and when a beer will still taste acceptable to you. One very important concept to consider is oxidation. As soon as a keg is tapped, it has been exposed to oxygen, which will over time alter the flavor of your beer.

Depending on your sophisticated or sensitive palate, you may begin to taste the change in your beer within a week of tapping it. The longer oxygen is exposed to your beer, the more nuanced flavors will be harder to detect and it may not taste the same but this does not mean the beer is no longer good or is no longer fresh.


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Beer Dispensing Systems

Your beer dispensing system will greatly affect how long your keg will remain fresh. Each beer dispensing method has its benefits but they will also vary how long your keg will stay fresh. It mostly boils down to how much oxygen your beer is being exposed to and the temperature at which you keep your keg.

Party Pump or Manual Pump

Party pumps are a convenient means to dispense beer without a kegerator, especially on-the-go. Party pumps come are easy to assemble and come with very few parts but kegs served using a manual pump don't last as long because of dispensing the beer using CO2 gas, the pump works by pumping air into the keg to pressurize and dispense.

We just discussed how exposure to oxygen can affect the flavors in a beer and due to the direct exposure of oxygen to your beer through a manual pump, your kegs are not likely to stay fresh for very long. Additionally, the flavors are likely to change more rapidly and this flavor change will be more apparent as more oxygen is being pumped through the keg.

Ideally, you will want to finish the keg by the end of the day or to ensure freshness, purchasing smaller sized kegs will help you maintain the quality of your beer. It is also important to find a means to maintain your kegs temperature while it is dispensing to avoid premature spoilage.

While convenient for tailgating and other on-the-go applications, party pumps can have additional complications such as over-pumping and foamy beer. This is why for on-the-go applications we prefer a Jockey Box, learn more about jockey boxes in our guide here.

Jockey Box

Like a kegerator, a jockey box uses a CO2 tank to dispense the beer, which helps preserve the quality, taste, and prevents early spoilage. Like a party pump, jockey boxes are designed for on-the-go applications but the added benefit of a kegerator taste and experience. They require slightly more assembly and equipment but they offer a significantly better beer drinking experience than a manual pump. Additionally, a CO2 dispense system keeps the keg pressurized but avoids oxidation.

Kegerator

The kegerator is the king of beer dispensing, which is the reason why many restaurants rely on kegerators to dispense their kegs. Not only is the taste and experience of drinking beer from a kegerator better than other dispense systems, a kegerator is designed to preserve the quality of a keg. With a refrigerator storage cabinet, the keg is stored at the ideal temperature for the specific beer that is stored inside. This temperature maintenance also prevents beer from being dispensed warm and foamy.

The CO2 dispense system of a kegerator prevents oxygen from accessing the beer and maintaining the fresh brewery taste. For a properly stored keg in a kegerator, how long the beer will remain fresh will depend on the style of beer. Pasteurized beers can stay fresh from three to six months. For non-pasteurized beers, you can expect the keg to stay fresh approximately two months. Each beer is different and storing your beer at the ideal temperature is essential for its preservation.


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Why Keg Storage Temperature Matters

We can't emphasize enough how important it is for a keg to be stored at the proper temperature. Regardless of your dispense system, maintaining a constant and ideal temperature for your keg is the key to keeping your keg fresh. Ideally, most kegs should be kept at 38 degrees Fahrenheit and not much lower or higher.

Keeping a keg at a higher temperature will not only cause your beer to excessively foam but it will also lead to stale beer. Temperatures above 55 degrees Fahrenheit will likely cause your beer to grow bacteria and increase your chances of premature spoilage.

Lower temperatures will cause the beer to retain its carbonation, preventing you from experiencing the nuanced flavors and aromas of each pour. If you allow the temperature to drop even further, below 28 degrees Fahrenheit, your beer is likely to freeze. Some light beers may freeze at even 32 degrees Fahrenheit so, be aware of your storage temperatures.

Kegerators are ideal for keg storage and dispense because they are designed to maintain temperatures. If you are using a party pump or jockey box, be sure to chill your kegs in a tub with ice and water to prevent spoilage.